Archiv der Kategorie: Englisch

Present Continuous or Present Progressiv

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FORM

[am/is/are + present participle]
Examples:
You are watching TV.
Are you watching TV?
You are not watching TV.



Present Continous is used for:

  • Now – Use the Present Continuous with „Normal Verbs“ (not Non-Continuous Verbs) to express the idea that something is happening now, at this very moment. It can also be used to show that something is not happening now. Examples: Are you sleeping? I am sitting. I am not standing
  • Also longer actions in Progress Now – In English, „now“ can mean: this second, today, this month, this year, this century, and so on. Sometimes, we use the Present Continuous to say that we are in the process of doing a longer action which is in progress; however, we might not be doing it at this exact second. Examples: I am not studying to become a dentist. I am reading the book Blablabla.
  • Near Future – Sometimes, speakers use the Present Continuous to indicate that something will or will not happen in the near future. Examples: I am not going to the party tonight. Is he visiting his parents next weekend?
  • Repetition and Irritation with „Always“ – The Present Continuous with words such as „always“ or „constantly“ expresses the idea that something irritating or shocking often happens. Notice that the meaning is like Simple Present, but with negative emotion. Remember to put the words „always“ or „constantly“ between „be“ and „verb+ing.“ Examples: She is always coming to class late.
    He is constantly talking. I wish he would shut up. I don’t like them because they are always complaining.

Non-Continuous Verbs/ Mixed Verbs cannot be used in any continuous tenses.
She is loving this chocolate ice cream. Not Correct
She loves this chocolate ice cream. Correct

ACTIVE / PASSIVE
Right now, Tom is writing the letter. Active
Right now, the letter is being written by Tom. Passive

Signal words:
at the moment, at present, just, just now, now, right now, still,today, tonight. Look! Listen!

Sources and weblinks:
Article is based on Present Continous On that page you can find also some helpful exercises.
Present Progressiv- online üben und lernen
Present Progressiv

Bildquelle: By Katie Chan – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=39193497

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Preface

Deutsche Version
back to Future Business Software || Retail || Small.biz


The general introduction to FBS can be found on the home page.
To the version: Small.biz for small businesses it is also noted that this is just as suitable for a hairdresser, installer or self-employed web designer, as for many other industries as well as for a boutique, which is used as an example.

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Word Order in English Sentences

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Word Order in Positive and Negative Sentences

subject verbs indirect object direct object place time
I will tell you the story at home in the evening.
I will not tell you the story at home in the evening.

 

Word Order in Subordinate Clauses

(subordinate clause – Glied-, Nebensatz)
Oxford dictionary:

Definition of subordinate clause in English:
A clause, typically introduced by a conjunction, that forms part of and is dependent on a main clause (e.g. ‘when it rang’ in ‘she answered the phone when it rang’).

Grammar about:

A group of words that has both a subject and a verb but (unlike an independent clause) cannot stand alone as a sentence. Also known as a dependent clause. Contrast with coordinate clause.
Subordinate clauses are usually attached to main clauses or embedded in matrix clauses. (See Examples and Observations, below.

conjunction subject verb(s) indirect object direct object place time
I will tell you the story at home in the evening …
because I don’t have time now.

Adverb of Manner, Place and Time

Usually at the end of the sentence:

subject verb(s) indirect object direct object time
I will tell you the story tomorrow.

Or at the beginning, if you don’t want to put emphasis on the time:

time subject verb(s) indirect object direct object
Tomorrow I will tell you the story.

Adverbs of Frequency

Adverbs of frequency are put directly before the main verb. If ‚be‘ is the main verb and there is no auxiliary verb, adverbs of frequency are put behind ‚be‘. Is there an auxiliary verb, however, adverbs of frequency are put before ‚be‘.

subject auxiliary/be adverb main verb object, place or time
I often go swimming in the evenings.
He doesn’t always play tennis.
We are usually here in summer.
I have never been abroad.

Word Order in Questions

In questions, the word order is the same as in affirmative sentences, but you have to put the auxiliary verb or the main verb “be”, before the subject. Interrogatives are put at the beginning of the sentences:

interrogative auxiliary verb subject other verbs indirect object direct object place time
What would you like to tell me
Did you have a party in your flat yesterday?
When were you here?
interrogative verb(s) object
Who asked you?

 
Article on basis of Word Order in English Sentences (ego4u.com).
YouTube Playlist „Sentences and Word Order“:

 

Weblinks:
Word Order in English Sentences
Word order and sentence structure in English
subordinate clause
The Subordinate Clause
Expressions of place and time in sentences – Word order


Photo source: By Kabelleger / David Gubler (http://www.bahnbilder.ch) (Own work: http://www.bahnbilder.ch/picture/11543) [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC BY 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

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Present Simple with a Quiz

Back to Abstract || English Grammar || English for me


FORM

[VERB] + s/es in third person

Examples:

You speak English.
Do you speak English?
You do not speak English.

Present simple is used for:

  • permanent situations: Shakkei manutactures couture.
  • for habits or routines: They visit the opera ball in Vienna every year.
  • for stating facts: Stainless steel contains chromium.
  • repeated actions: The action can be a habit, a hobby, a daily event, a scheduled event or something that often happens. I.e. She always forgets her purse.
  • scheduled events in the near future: The party starts at 8 o’clock.
  • now: An action is happening or is not happening now. I am here now.

We should not forget to add an „s“ at the end of the verb in the third person singular, if the sentence is built without „do“.
Example: She works in Italy. Where does she live?

with „be“ – I’m thirsty.
with „have“ – She has (got) a cat. (Negation: She has not got / she does not have; Question: Has he got? / Does he have?)
For the verbs „can, may, might, must“ no „s“ is appended. Yes, he can.
After o or sibilant (ch, sh) it is an „es“ appended. He does, he washes, …
After a consonant, final „y“ becomes „ie“ in the annexes by „s“. worry – he worries
After a vowel (a, e, i, o, u), the final consonant is „y“. play – he plays

Shortforms:
I am = I’m
We are = we’re
He is = he’s
I have got = I’ve got
She has got = She’s got

Facts:
Water boils at 100° C. (at see level)
Water with plus 4 degrees has the highest density.

Regularity/habit:
On Fridays he goes to the cinema. (every Friday)
I usually watch TV in the evenings.

Subsequent actions:
Jane gets up at seven o’clock.
She goes to the bus stop and waits for the bus.

The following actions take place in the future, but the time is already set a timetable or a program:
The train leaves Vienna at 7 a.m.

Static verbs; for conditions and facts we use the Present Simple:
(be, believe, belong, hate, hear, like, love, mean, prefer, remain, realize, see, seem, smell, think, understand, want and wish)
We think that this is right.
He wants to get away from here.

Typical signal words for the Simple Present:
always, every, often, normally, usually, sometimes, seldom, never, occasionally

Welcome to your Present Simple Quiz
Complete the sentences with the correct present simple forms.

Name

1) Our manager (like) good team players.
2) We always (do) a lot of on-the-job training.
3) Who (you/report) to?
4) Why (she/not/like) the new manager?
5) Who (authorise) pay rises?
6) The assistant (not/have) much responsibility.
7) They (not/have) production meetings every week.
8) Who (supervise) all the assistants and secretaries?

Be sure to click Submit Quiz to see your results!




 

Sources and weblinks:
Anki an ideal tool to learn the grammar and vocabulary.
Simple Present
Simple Present – online üben und lernen
Simple Present
The Quiz is from PASS Cambridge BEC Vantage
PRÄSENS (SIMPLE PRESENT)
Present Tense – Simple Present – Gegenwart

Bildquelle: „Glühwendel brennt durch“ by Stefan Krause, Germany – Own work. Licensed under FAL via Wikimedia Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Gl%C3%BChwendel_brennt_durch.jpg#/media/File:Gl%C3%BChwendel_brennt_durch.jpg

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Lawyer: FBI Paid Right-Wing Blogger Charged With Threats

picture-28A notorious New Jersey hate blogger charged in June with threatening to kill judges and lawmakers was secretly an FBI “agent provocateur” paid to disseminate right-wing rhetoric, his attorney said Wednesday.

Hal Turner, the blogger and radio personality, remains jailed pending charges over his recent online rants, which prosecutors claim amounted to an invitation for someone to kill Connecticut lawmakers and Chicago federal appeals court judges.

But behind the scenes the reformed white supremacist was holding clandestine meetings with FBI agents who taught him how to spew hate “without crossing the line,” according to his lawyer, Michael Orozco.

“As a defense attorney. It is not trivial that the very government that trained an individual where the line was is prosecuting him when he has not stepped over the line,” Orozco said.

In addition, he is banking (.pdf) on the First Amendment.

“It’s a protected political statement. He opined,” Orozco said. “He said they deserved to be killed. He did not say grab a gun and go out and do what is necessary.”

See Also:

Read the full story: Lawyer: FBI Paid Right-Wing Blogger Charged With Threats

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