Present Continuous or Present Progressiv

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FORM

[am/is/are + present participle]
Examples:
You are watching TV.
Are you watching TV?
You are not watching TV.

[accordion clicktoclose=“true“]
[accordion-item title=“Besonderheiten:“]Ein e am Ende fällt weg.
Beispiel: come – coming
I am coming home. You are coming home. He is coming home.
Aber: -ee bleibt
Beispiel: agree – agreeing
Der Endkonsonant nach einem kurzen, betonten Vokal wird verdoppelt.
Beispiel: sit – sitting
I am sitting on the sofa. You are sitting on the sofa. He is sitting on the sofa.
Hinweis: Endkonsonant = Mitlaut am Wortende, Vokal = Selbstlaut
Ein l als Endkonsonant nach einem Vokal wird immer verdoppelt.
Beispiel: travel – travelling
I am travelling around. You are travelling around. He is travelling around.
Hinweis: Dies gilt nur im britischen Englisch, im amerikanischen Englisch wird meist nur ein l geschrieben.
Ein ie am Wortende wird zu y.
Beispiel: lie – lying
I am lying in bed. You are lying in bed. He is lying in bed.[/accordion-item]
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Present Continous is used for:

  • Now – Use the Present Continuous with „Normal Verbs“ (not Non-Continuous Verbs) to express the idea that something is happening now, at this very moment. It can also be used to show that something is not happening now. Examples: Are you sleeping? I am sitting. I am not standing
  • Also longer actions in Progress Now – In English, „now“ can mean: this second, today, this month, this year, this century, and so on. Sometimes, we use the Present Continuous to say that we are in the process of doing a longer action which is in progress; however, we might not be doing it at this exact second. Examples: I am not studying to become a dentist. I am reading the book Blablabla.
  • Near Future – Sometimes, speakers use the Present Continuous to indicate that something will or will not happen in the near future. Examples: I am not going to the party tonight. Is he visiting his parents next weekend?
  • Repetition and Irritation with „Always“ – The Present Continuous with words such as „always“ or „constantly“ expresses the idea that something irritating or shocking often happens. Notice that the meaning is like Simple Present, but with negative emotion. Remember to put the words „always“ or „constantly“ between „be“ and „verb+ing.“ Examples: She is always coming to class late.
    He is constantly talking. I wish he would shut up. I don’t like them because they are always complaining.

Non-Continuous Verbs/ Mixed Verbs cannot be used in any continuous tenses.
She is loving this chocolate ice cream. Not Correct
She loves this chocolate ice cream. Correct

ACTIVE / PASSIVE
Right now, Tom is writing the letter. Active
Right now, the letter is being written by Tom. Passive

Signal words:
at the moment, at present, just, just now, now, right now, still,today, tonight. Look! Listen!

Sources and weblinks:
Article is based on Present Continous On that page you can find also some helpful exercises.
Present Progressiv- online üben und lernen
Present Progressiv

Bildquelle: By Katie Chan – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=39193497

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